NEED FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
“Education, vocational training and lifelong learning are central pillars of employability, employment of workers and sustainable enterprise development” - International Labour Organisation
Skill development is critical for economic growth and social development. The demographic transition of India makes it imperative to ensure employment opportunities for more than 12 million youths entering working age annually. It is estimated that during the seven-year period of 2005-2012, only 2.7 million net additional jobs were created in the country. To enable employment ready workforce in the future, the youth need to be equipped with necessary skills and education. The country presently faces a dual challenge of severe paucity of highly-trained, quality labour, as well as non-employability of large sections of the educated workforce that possess little or no job skills. The skill development issue in India is thus pertinent both at the demand and supply level. To meet the demand side challenge, consistent efforts are being made towards expansion of economic activities and creation of large employment opportunities. On the supply side, a simple look at the projected youth population provides a fair reason to believe that India has the strength to cater to this demand. However, the employability quotient is questionable and remains a major area of concern. Already huge gaps exist between the industry requirements and the level of skills of workers due to varied reasons including inadequate training infrastructures, inappropriate mix of skills and education, outdated curricula, limited industry interfaces, limited standards, etc. The skill development ecosystem in India is skewed towards a formal education system with limited vocational training. While the vocational training is in a dismal state both qualitatively and quantitatively, the higher education system itself is grappling with issues related to scale and quality. Moreover, there is a disconnect between the formal education system and work requirements, compounding the challenges related to the skill gap. A concerted action is thus required on the supply side to ensure sustained employability of the Indian youth. Extensive efforts to skill the workforce are required, both in quantity and quality. Transforming the skill development ecosystem and making it responsive to needs of both industry and citizens requires a scalable, efficient and comprehensive vocational training ecosystem to meet future requirements.
Population of 1.3 billion, of which about 0.8 billion in the working age – India in 2020 is surely something the world can look forward to. According to economic predictions, that time would be the golden ‘Growth’ era in the demographic dividend. We would not only have enough manpower to meet our needs but we can help the rest of the world as well.
In the glitz and glamour of these numbers, one often chooses to ignore that in today’s era of knowledge based economy, quality of workforce is more important than quantity. Infect having a lower head count of skilled manpower is much better than a manpower whose larger portion is unemployable. Considering the present situation, this is the future India is rushing towards. And this is one of the biggest challenges that we as a nation are ever going to face
Quoting Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi Independence Day 2014 Speech - Today, the world and India need a skilled workforce. If we have to promote the development of our country then our mission has to be `skill development’ and `Skilled India’. Millions and Millions of Indian youth should acquire the skills which could contribute towards making India a modern country. I also want to create a pool of young people who are able to create jobs and the ones who are not capable of creating jobs and do not have the opportunities, they must be in a position to face their counterparts in any corner of the world while keeping their heads high by virtue of their hard work and their dexterity of hands and win the hearts of people around the world through their skills. We want to go for the capacity building of such young people.
A scalable, efficient and comprehensive vocational training system with proper awareness generation programs is the need of the hour. As these programs help in spreading information about existing skill development courses and market requirements which lead to increase the student enrolment as well as enhance the credibility of vocational institutes. As education and vocational training are the important contributors to overall skill capital pool of an economy. Education provides a base in the form of ability in literacy, numeracy and cognitive abilities and vocational training equips an individual with specific skills. Vocational training is practical/manual in nature in contrast to education which is purely theoretical in nature. Thus linkages of both serve simultaneously the hand and the mind, the practical and the abstract aspects.
Agnel Vocational Training Institute imparts short term market oriented Technical training in various trades, which have high demand for wage /self employment The curriculum evolved for each program is competency based i.e. to perform a task at the standard expected in real work environment and promoting active learning i.e. hands on training.
It is our endeavor to generate self/wage employment among youths of Goa through skill development and entrepreneurship .